# Superscripts and Subscripts in Microsoft Windows

In typesetting terms, a subscript means lowered text like this, and a superscript means raised text like this.

In chemistry, subscripts are often used for the number of atoms of an element in a chemical formula, such as the numbers in the formula C6H12O6.

Superscripts are often used before an element symbol to indicate the mass number, such as 14C, or after an element symbol to indicate the charge of an ion, such as Ca2+ or Cl-.

In most Microsoft Windows programs, you can make text into a subscript by selecting the text (like this), holding down the Ctrl key, and pressing the = key.

In most Microsoft Windows programs, you can make text into a superscript by selecting the text (like this), holding down the Ctrl and Shift keys at the same time, and pressing the + key.
Last modified: Sunday, 3 June 2012, 1:19 AM