Massachusetts Frameworks (2006):
1.4 Interpret and apply Newton’s three laws of motion.
1.5 Use a free-body force diagram to show forces acting on a system consisting of a pair of interacting objects. For a diagram with only co-linear forces, determine the net force acting on a system and between the objects.
1.6 Distinguish qualitatively between static and kinetic friction, and describe their effects on the motion of objects.
1.7 Describe Newton’s law of universal gravitation in terms of the attraction between two objects, their masses, and the distance between them.
Next Generation Science Standards:
HS-PS2-1. Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.
HS-PS2-3. Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.
HS-PS2-4. Use mathematical representations of Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb’s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects.
Concepts assessed on the SAT Physics Subject Test:
- Dynamics, such as force, Newton’s laws, statics, and friction.
- Gravity, such as the law of gravitation, orbits, and Kepler’s laws.
- What are Forces?
- Types of Forces
- Newton’s Laws
- Problem Solving With Newton’s Laws
- Inclined Planes
- Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation