### Standards

#### Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS):

No NGSS standards are addressed in this chapter.

#### Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks (2006):

No MA curriculum standards are addressed in this chapter.

#### AP Physics 2 Learning Objectives:

**1.E.1.1**: The student is able to predict the densities, differences in densities, or changes in densities under different conditions for natural phenomena and design an investigation to verify the prediction. [**SP 4.2, 6.4**]

**1.E.1.2**: The student is able to select from experimental data the information necessary to determine the density of an object and/or compare densities of several objects. [**SP 4.1, 6.4**]

**3.C.4.1**: The student is able to make claims about various contact forces between objects based on the microscopic cause of those forces. [**SP 6.1**]

**3.C.4.2**: The student is able to explain contact forces (tension, friction, normal, buoyant, spring) as arising from interatomic electric forces and that they therefore have certain directions. [**SP 6.2**]

**5.B.10.1**: The student is able to use Bernoulli’s equation to make calculations related to a moving fluid. [**SP 2.2**]

**5.B.10.2**: The student is able to use Bernoulli’s equation and/or the relationship between force and pressure to make calculations related to a moving fluid. [**SP 2.2**]

**5.B.10.3**: The student is able to use Bernoulli’s equation and the continuity equation to make calculations related to a moving fluid. [**SP 2.2**]

**5.B.10.4**: The student is able to construct an explanation of Bernoulli’s equation in terms of the conservation of energy. [**SP 6.2**]

**5.F.1.1**: The student is able to make calculations of quantities related to flow of a fluid, using mass conservation principles (the continuity equation). [**SP 2.1, 2.2, 7.2**]

#### Topics from this chapter assessed on the SAT Physics Subject Test:

This topic is not assessed on the SAT Physics Subject Test.