• # AP Physics 2

AP Physics 2: Algebra-Based is a second-year physics course designed for high school students in grade 12 who have completed AP Physics 1.  The course covers topics and concepts typically included in the second semester of an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course.  Topics include  fluid statics & fluid dynamics, thermal physics & thermodynamics, electricity & magnetism (including RC circuits and electromagnetic induction), light & optics, and modern (quantum, atomic & nuclear) physics.  The course focuses on high-level understanding of concepts, experimental design and critical thinking, and prepares students for the AP Physics 2 exam in May.

• # Thermal Physics & Thermodynamics

#### Notes pp. 179–260

This chapter is about heat as a form of energy and the ways in which heat affects objects, including how it is stored and how it is transferred from one object to another.

• Heat & Temperature describes the concept of heat as a form of energy and how heat energy is different from temperature.
• Heat Transfer, Energy Conversion and Efficiency describe how to calculate the rate of the transfer of heat energy from one object to another.
• Specific Heat Capacity & Calorimetry describes different substances' and objects' abilities to store heat energy.  Phase Changes & Heating Curves addresses the additional calculations that apply when a substance goes through a phase change (such as melting or boiling).
• Thermal Expansion describes the calculation of the change in size of an object caused by heating or cooling.

New challenges specific to this chapter include looking up and working with constants that are different for different substances.

### Skills learned & applied in this chapter:

• Working with material-specific constants from a table.
• Working with more than one instance of the same quantity in a problem.
• Combining equations and graphs.
• Heat & Temperature File 577.6KB PDF document
• Heat Transfer File 429.1KB PDF document
• Energy Conversion File 516.5KB PDF document
• Thermal Expansion File 657.2KB PDF document
• Thermodynamics File 420.4KB PDF document
• Pressure-Volume Diagrams File 662.7KB PDF document
• Heat Engines File 473.9KB PDF document
• Efficiency File 474.9KB PDF document
Pressure & Fluid MechanicsElectric Force, Field & Potential